Pomegranate is a tree. Various parts of the tree and fruit are used to make medicine.
People use pomegranate for conditions such as chronic obstructive lung disease(COPD), heart conditions, high blood pressure, and recovery after exercise, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
Pomegranate has been used for thousands of years. It is in Greek, Hebrew, Buddhist, Islamic, and Christian mythology and writings. It is described in records dating from around 1500 BC as a treatment for tapeworm and other parasites.
Many cultures use pomegranate as a folk medicine. Pomegranate is native to Iran. It is primarily cultivated in Mediterranean counties, parts of the United States, Afghanistan, Russia, India, China, and Japan. You'll see pomegranate in some royal and medical coats of arms.
How does it work? Pomegranate contains a variety of chemicals that might have antioxidant effects. Some preliminary research suggests that chemicals in pomegranate juice might slow the progression of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) and possibly fight cancer cells. But it is not known if pomegranate has these effects when people drink the juice.
Uses & Effectiveness? Possibly Effective for : High blood pressure - Some research shows that drinking pomegranate juice daily can lower systolic blood pressure (the top number) by about 5 mmHg. Lower doses might work the same as higher doses. Pomegranate juice doesn’t seem to reduce diastolic pressure (the lower number). Possibly Ineffective for :
A lung disease that makes it harder to breathe (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD) - . Drinking pomegranate juice does not seem to improve symptoms or breathing in people with this condition.
High cholesterol (hyperlipidemia) - Taking pomegranate doesn’t seem to lower cholesterol in people with or without high cholesterol.
Insufficient Evidence for :
Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) - Early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice might help to keep the arteries in the neck (carotid arteries) clear of the build-up of fatty deposits.
Clogged arteries (coronary heart disease) - Some early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice might improve blood flow to the heart. However, drinking pomegranate juice does not seem to prevent narrowing of blood vessels in the heart (stenosis). Also, there is not enough information to know if drinking pomegranate juice helps to prevent heart disease-related events such as heart attack.
Dental plaque - Early research shows that rinsing with pomegranate extract mouthwash for one minute once or twice daily reduces dental plaque.
Diabetes - Early research shows that drinking fresh pomegranate juice 1.5 mL/kg improves blood sugar in some people with diabetes.
Erectile dysfunction - Early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice daily for 4 weeks does not improve erectile dysfunction in men.
Muscle soreness after exercising - Early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice twice daily for 15 days reduces muscle soreness after exercising in the elbow but not the knee.
Dialysis - Research on pomegranate in people on dialysis is inconsistent. Some early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice for a year decreases the number of high blood pressure medications that people on dialysis need to take. Pomegranate juice might also improve "good" (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides and reduce the chance of going to the hospital for an infection in some people on dialysis. But other early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice before dialysis sessions or taking pomegranate extract for only 4 weeks does not improve blood pressure or cholesterol in people on dialysis.
Menopausal symptoms - Early research shows that taking pomegranate seed oil for 12 weeks does not reduce hot flashes but might improve sleep in some women with symptoms of menopause.
Metabolic syndrome - Early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice daily for one month improves blood vessel function in adolescents with metabolic syndrome.
Muscle strength - Early research shows that taking pomegranate extract can improve muscle strength recovery after exercise.
Obesity - Early research shows that taking a product containing pomegranate seed oil and brown marine algae reduces body weight in obese women with liver disease. Other research shows that drinking pomegranate juice for one month helps overweight and obese patients maintain weight. But it doesn't seem to improve blood sugar or insulin sensitivity in these patients.
Gum disease (periodontitis) - There is some evidence that painting the gums with pomegranate fruit peel extract in combination with gotu kola extract might improve gum disease.
Prostate cancer - Early research shows that drinking pomegranate juice or taking pomegranate extract for up to 2 years might slow the progression of prostate cancer. Other early research shows that taking a combination of pomegranate powder and other ingredients for 6 months can slows the rising of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels in men with prostate cancer. PSA levels are linked with prostate cancer growth, with faster increases indicating more growth.
Rheumatoid arthritis - Early research shows that taking pomegranate extract twice daily for 12 weeks can improve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
Inflamed and sore mouth (stomatitis) - Applying a gel containing pomegranate extract to the gums improves symptoms in people with fungal infections in the mouth.
Sunburn - Early research shows that taking pomegranate extract by mouth does not prevent sunburn.
Vaginal parasite infections (trichomoniasis) - Early research shows that taking pomegranate extract might clear up trichomoniasis infections in women.
Intestinal worm infestations.
Other conditions - More evidence is needed to rate pomegranate for these uses.